Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs
Costs of War

US Budgetary Costs

Budgetary costs of wars in Middle East - $4.79 trillion dollars

US BUDGETARY COSTS The vast economic impact of the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan is poorly understood by the US public and policymakers. The attached chart and paper estimate the past and future obligated federal budgetary impact of the wars. 

Human Costs

Humanitarian costs of wars in Middle East - 370,000 lives lost

HUMAN COSTS The number of people killed directly in the violence of the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan are approximated here. They, and the additional 800,000 civilians who likely have died as an indirect result of the wars, are estimated and the methods of accounting are described in the attached paper.