December 11, 2012
Released this month, the report, Due Process and Targeted Sanctions: An Update of the 'Watson Report' builds on previous work by the Targeted Sanctions Project at the Watson Institute by Eckert and Thomas J. Biersteker, adjunct professor of International Studies at the Institute and director of the Programme for the Study of International Governance at The Graduate Institute in Geneva. The 2006 report, Strengthening Targeted Sanctions Through Fair and Clear Procedures, which subsequently became known as the "Watson Report" and the 2009 update, Addressing Challenges to Targeted Sanctions: An Update of the 'Watson Report', focused on the need for the Security Council to reform procedures to ensure that individuals' rights are protected when imposing targeted sanctions. Numerous legal challenges threatened to compromise the UN's ability to counter terrorism through sanctions designations. Principal recommendations of the Watson Reports were adopted by the Council through creation and strengthening of the Office of the Ombudsperson in UN Security Council Resolutions 1904 (2009) and 1989 (2011).
The new report concludes that substantial progress has been made in reforming the UN system to provide individuals with effective judicial protection but that "...continued reforms of the UN Ombudsperson mechanism to expand the mandate, make it more transparent, and extend it to other regimes, are important to the ultimate objective of strengthening the credibility of the Security Council and its instruments of targeted sanctions."