Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs
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Dayton at 20: An Impact Assessment

Thursday, December 10 –
Friday, December 11, 2015

Joukowsky Forum

This workshop convenes a group of practitioners and scholars whose careers/lives were decisively shaped by their experiences in Bosnia-Herzegovina, to reflect on the armed conflict of 1992-1995, the way in which that armed conflict ended, and the nature of the "post-conflict" order, within and beyond Bosnia-Herzegovina.

We consider (largely along the lines laid out by Ivo Daalder in Getting to Dayton, 1999) that Dayton marked a reinvigoration of "coercive diplomacy" that was then wielded in other settings (not always with the same success), as well as a reassertion of US leadership/engagement in Europe. We also recognize the iterated criticisms of the Dayton Accords's impact on Bosnian sovereignty, especially with regard to their "wishful legality" (Robert Hayden, Blueprints for a House Divided, 1999); their unworkability without a sizable international presence, thereby serving to create a "European Raj" (Knaus and Martin 2003); their creation of a "dysfunctional constitutional architecture" (International Commission on the Balkans, 2005); and their role in bringing into being "a series of squabbling ethnocratic territories" (Adam Moore, Peacebuilding in Practice, 2013).

We are also mindful of the effects of implementation in the wider context of international relations, demanding new forms of military-civilian cooperation, and generating new approaches and technologies in diverse fields, affecting election monitoring, systems of justice, reconciliation and accountability, constitutional engineering, and policing and peacekeeping in multi-ethnic societies.

With these fields in mind, and with an eye to the positive impacts of Dayton--noted, for example, in Richard Holbrooke's typically direct "report card," in an Op-Ed from April 2008, we ask participants to respond to the questions: Does Dayton still matter, and why? What lessons for the peacemakers, peace-enforcers and peacekeepers of today does it hold? What are Dayton's legacies for the region, the U.S, and the global system?

Download workshop papers here.

More information on the workshop here: http://watson.brown.edu/news/explore/2015/Daytonat20.

Security Studies Seminar

Thursday 10 December 2015

4:30        On Diplomacy, Seizing the Moment, and Talking to Liars

                Ambassador Christopher R. Hill, Dean, The Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver 

                Reception to follow


Friday 11 December 2015

9:00-10:30    War by Other Means:  Dayton and Ethnicization, in Bosnia and Beyond

                    Philippe Leroux-Martin, Director, Rule of Law, Justice & Security, United States Institute of Peace

                    Azra Hromadzic, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Syracuse University 

                    Anna Ohanyan, Associate Professor of Political Science, Stonehill College 

                    Aida Hozic, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Florida

                    Commentator: Keith Brown, Watson Institute 

10:30-10:45    Coffee Break

10:45-12:15    Justice and Accountability: On Implementing the Unpalatable

                        Ambassador Rod Moore, U.S. Naval War College and US State Department

                        Col (retired) U.S. Army Gregory Fontenot, Brigade commander, Multi-National Division North in Operation Joint Endeavor, Bosnia

                        Chris Engels, Former Head of Judicial and Legal Reform Section of the OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina

                        David Rohde, Reuters

                        Commentator: Ambassador Chris Hill, University of Denver 

12:15-1:30   Lunch Break

1:30-2:45    Bosnia and the Birth of the IGO/NGO Complex

                    Chip Gagnon, Professor of Politics, Ithaca College

                    Kimberley Coles, Associate Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Redlands, California

                    Erica Haskell, Assistant Professor & Music Department Chair, University of New Haven

                    Commentator: Tony Levitas, Watson Institute 

3:00- 4:30    Whither “Never Again:” The Future of Coercive Diplomacy

                    Ambassador Richard Boucher, Watson Institute

                    Brian Atwood, former Administrator, US Agency for International Development, and Senior Fellow, Watson Institute

                    Commentator: Sue Eckert, Watson Insitute