Mahatma Gandhi Associate Professor of Political Science and International and Public Affairs
Areas of Interest: Comparative politics, political economy of development, social welfare, identity politics including ethnic politics and nationalism, and gender politics, politics of South Asia and East Asia.
Prerna Singh is Mahatma Gandhi Associate Professor of Political Science and International Studies at Brown University. She holds appointments across Political Science and the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, and is also affiliated with the Departments of Sociology and the Center for Contemporary South Asia. Singh is a fellow of the Canadian Institute of Advanced Research (CIFAR) and co-convenor of the Brown-Harvard-MIT Joint Seminar in South Asian Politics.
Singh completed her PhD and MA from the Department of Politics at Princeton University, the tripos in Social and Political Studies from Cambridge University, UK, and a BA (Honors) in Economics from St Stephen’s College at Delhi University. Prior to joining Brown she was at the Department of Government at Harvard University. Singh is a recipient of the so-called ’brainy award’ from the Andrew Carnegie foundation, the Berlin prize from the American Academy of Berlin, the Stanley and Priscilla Kochanek prize from the American Institute of Indian Studies, the Charlotte Elizabeth Procter honorific fellowship from Princeton University, as well as fellowships from the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies and the Center for Advanced Study for India (CASI) at the University of Pennsylvania.
Singh has delivered over a hundred talks on her research in a range of scholarly, policy and popular venues across the US, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Norway, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, India, Italy, and the United Kingdom. She has been invited to be the keynote speaker at the annual meeting of the Nordic Sociological Association, the Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Forschung (ZIF), Germany; the Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse (IAST); the World Bank’s Human Development Forum; and the Global Development Institute, University of Manchester. Singh delivered the 2018 commencement address at the Lincoln School, an independent all-girls college-preparatory school in Providence, RI.
Singh’s research focuses on the improvement of human well-being, particularly as it relates to the promotion of social welfare on the one hand, and to the mitigation of ethnic conflict and competition, on the other. Her work combines multiple methods including comparative historical, ethnographic, statistical, survey and experimental analyses. Singh’s research has won numerous prizes across the disciplines of Political Science and Sociology. Her book, How Solidarity Works for Welfare: Subnationalism and Social Development in India (Cambridge University Press 2016), was awarded both the American Political Science Association’s Woodrow Wilson prize for the best book published in politics and international relations, as well as the American Sociological Association’s Barrington Moore prize for the best book published in comparative historical sociology.
Singh has co-edited the Handbook of Indian Politics (Routledge 2013), and is the author of numerous chapters in edited volumes as well as several prize-winning journal articles including in American Behavioral Scientist, Comparative Political Studies, Comparative Politics, World Development, World Politics, and Studies in Comparative International Development. Singh is presently working on a number of different book projects. In her book manuscript, Embedded Interventions: Ideas, Institutions and the Control of Contagion in China and India , Singh compares state-society relations in China and India through the lens of public health, focusing in particular on the control of infectious diseases via the uptake of technologies such as vaccines through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In The Case for Nationalism, she proposes a two dimensional understanding of nationalism towards showcasing the constructive potential of nationalism, especially as it can promote 'development as freedom' in the sense proposed by Amartya Sen, as the advancing of political, social and economic freedoms. In Progress and the People: Nehru’s India and Mao’s China Singh analyzes how differences in the place of the ‘people’ in the visions of development articulated by, influenced the distinct trajectories of 'progress' pursued by the newly sovereign states of India and China under Nehru and Mao respectively in the 1950s and 1960s.
Prerna Singh’s research interests include the comparative political economy of development, especially the politics of social welfare and public health; identity politics, including ethnic politics and nationalism, and gender politics; and the politics of South Asia and East Asia.
Her book, How Solidarity Works for Welfare: Subnationalism and Social Development in India, and related articles analyze the causes of variations in social welfare institutions and development by focusing on the dramatic divergences in social policies and outcomes across Indian provinces. Utilizing a combination of case studies based on archival analysis and field research together with statistical analyses, she highlights the relatively underemphasized role of the strength of affective attachments and the cohesiveness of community, showing how regions with a more powerful subnational identification are more likely to institute progressive social policies and witness higher welfare outcomes. In a new project Singh maintains her analytical focus on the question of variations in institutions of social welfare and development outcomes but shifts the unit of analysis to the national level, exploring why some countries are able to respond more effectively to public health crises than others, through a comparative historical analysis of the responses of the Chinese and Indian states to infectious diseases.
Singh has also maintained a distinct but related research agenda on identity politics -- in particular, on the causes and consequences of ethnic and national identifications. In a series of co-authored articles, she has sought to develop an institutional approach to ethnic politics showing how state institutions, notably the census, that differentiate ethnic categories, can in turn structure patterns of ethnic identification and competition and conflict. In a separate article, Singh uses a survey experiment to develop the central insight of her book about the way in which collective identities, in this case a shared national identification, can generate pro-social behavior, showing how the increased salience of a common national identity can foster the extension of altruism across even a deeply divisive interethnic boundary.
How Solidarity works for Welfare: Subnationalism and Social Development in India
(Cambridge University Press, Studies in Comparative Politics, 2015)
Woodrow Wilson prize for the best book published in politics and international relations in the last year by the American Political Science Association, Winner.
Barrington Moore prize for the best book published in comparative historical sociology in the last year by the American Sociological Association, Winner.
‘Special Issue: Ethnic Diversity and Public Goods Provision’. Co-edited with Matthias vom Hau. Comparative Political Studies, September 2016; 49 (10) and September 2016; 49 (11).
Handbook of Indian Politics, Routledge (2013). Co-edited with Atul Kohli.
Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals
The Violent Consequences of Ethnic Enumeration. Forthcoming at World Politics. Co-authored with Evan Lieberman.
‘Ethnicity in Time: Politics, History, and the Relationship between Ethnic Diversity and Public Goods Provision’. Comparative Political Studies, September 2016; 49 (10). Co-authored with Matthias vom Hau.
‘Subnationalism and Social Development: A Comparative Analysis of Indian States’. World Politics, Vol. 67, No. 3 , July 2015
Luebbert prize for the best article published in Comparative Politics in the last two years by the American Political Science Association, Winner.
Mary Parker Follett prize for the best article published in Politics and History in the last year by the American Political Science Association, Winner.
Outstanding faculty article in the Sociology of Development in the last year by the American Sociological Association, Winner.
‘The Ties that Bind: National Identity Salience and Pro-Social Behavior towards the Ethnic ‘other’’. Comparative Political Studies. March 2015 48: 267-300. Co-authored with Volha Charnysh and Christopher Lucas.
“Conceptualizing and Measuring Ethnic Politics: An Institutional Complement to Demographic, Behavioral and Cognitive Approaches”. Studies in Comparative International Development (Lead article). Volume 47, Number 3(2012), 255-286. Co-authored with Evan Lieberman.
“The Institutional Origins of Ethnic Violence”. Comparative Politics. Volume 45, Number 1 (2012), pp. 1-24. Co-authored with Evan Lieberman.
‘We-ness and Welfare: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Development in Kerala, India’, World Development, Volume 39, Issue 2 (2011).
Pro-seminar in Comparative Politics
Comparative politics research workshop
Nationalism and Ethnic Politics
Politics of India
State-society relations in China and India