Watson Institute at Brown University
International Relations
Sarah Besky

Sarah Besky

Sarah Besky

Assistant Professor of Anthropology and International and Public Affairs

Areas of Interest: Labor, environment, commodities, agriculture, plantations, ethical trade, gender, development, Himalayas, India, environmental justice, ethics.


I received my PhD in anthropology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  From 2012 to 2015, I was a postdoctoral fellow in the Society of Fellows at the University of Michigan, where I completed a project based on fieldwork in Darjeeling, India.  My book, The Darjeeling Distinction: Labor and Justice on Fair-Trade Tea Plantations in India (University of California Press, 2014) explores how legacies of colonialism intersect with contemporary market reforms to reconfigure notions of the value of labor, of place, and of tea itself.  My current work blends historical and ethnographic research on science, value, and the idea of quality in the tea industry to analyze efforts at economic reform in India.


My current book project, Market Qualities: Indian Tea and the Composition of Value, examines how quality became a discrete category of knowledge and value from the final decades of British rule in India to the early years of Indian independence.  It explores how a tension between taste and the market came to be embodied in the experts who evaluate tea's flavor; the buyers who purchase tea at auction in India; the blenders who create flavors tailored to specific markets; the scientists who study and manipulate tea’s chemical contents; and, finally, mass-market black tea itself.  Working across archives and first-hand ethnography, I argue that quality is assembled in a sometimes collaborative, sometimes contentious engagement between aesthetic and scientific experts.  The book situates contemporary efforts to make “quality tea” within India’s broader effort to secure its place as a global economic leader, showing how, together, the materiality of plants and aesthetic and technoscientific practices mediate—and perhaps impede—economic and political reform.


2017. "Fixity: On the inheritance and maintenance of tea plantation houses in Darjeeling, India." American Ethnologist 44(4): 617-631.

2017. “The Land in Gorkhaland: On the Edges of Belonging in Darjeeling, India.” Environmental Humanities 9(1): 18-39.

2017. “Tea as ‘Hero Crop’?  Embodied Algorithms and Industrial Reform in India.”  Science as Culture. 26(1): 11-31. 

2016. “Placing Plants in Territory” (co-authored with Jonathan Padwe).  Environment and Society: Advances in Research 7: 9-28.

2016. “The Future of Price: Communicative Infrastructures and the Financialization of Indian Tea.” Cultural Anthropology. 31(1): 4-29.

2015. “Agricultural Justice, Abnormal Justice? Fair Trade’s Plantation Problem.” Antipode. 47(5): 1141-1160.

2015.  “Looking for Work: Placing Labor in Food Studies” (co-authored with Sandy Brown).  Labor. 12(1- 2): 19-43.

2014.  The Darjeeling Distinction: Labor and Justice on Fair-Trade Tea Plantations in India.  Berkeley: University of California Press.  [Won the 2014 Society for Economic Anthropology Book Prize]

2014.  “The Labor of Terroir and the Terroir of Labor: Geographical Indication on Darjeeling Tea Plantations.” Agriculture and Human Values.  31(1): 83-96.  [Won the 2014 Anthropology & Environment Society Junior Scholar Award] 


ANTH 0110: Anthropology and Global Social Problems

This course offers students an opportunity to examine and analyze a range of contemporary global social problems from an anthropological perspective.  We will explore human-environment entanglements with particular attention to intersecting issues of capitalism, international development, and state and non-state governance.  Course materials will look at various kinds of work in, on, and with the environment, asking questions about the possibilities of over-working our landscapes, while addressing the potentials for social and environment justice and sustainability.  

ANTH 2020: Methods and Research Design in Anthropology

The purpose of this graduate seminar is to help students design or reconceptualize an original research project in anthropology. Over the course of the semester, we will work to understand the objectives of social inquiry from past to present, thinking in particular about the possible futures of fieldwork in relation to the discipline’s developing objectives and inquiries, as well as the potential for our own unique contributions.

Labor and Social Life.  ANTH 2018

This is a graduate seminar that will explore anthropologies of labor. The Fall 2016 focus was on labor, posthumanism and feminist theory, and critical studies of capitalism.

Anthropology of the Himalayas.  ANTH 1345

This course critically examines the Himalayas, drawing on anthropological studies from Afghanistan to Northeast India.  Despite the region’s rugged terrain, Himalayan peoples have long been linked through trade and migration.  The Himalayas are sites of Hindu and Buddhist legend.  Today, however, they are beset by environmental degradation and disaster.  Long the object of romantic representations, people in the Himalayas struggle to find work and make ends meet.  This course brings these themes together to examine the political, economic, environmental, religious, sensory, and affective aspects of everyday life in the Himalayas.  

Talks & Media

2017 “Can a Plantation Be Fair?  Fair Trade in the Tea Industry.”  World Tea

Expo, Las Vegas, NV, June 15

2017 “Cheap Tea and the Endurance of Monoculture in the Dooars, India.”  Annual Hunt Lecture in Economic Anthropology.  Brandeis University, April 28

2017 “Ten Questions.” Chapati Mystery, January 27

2017 “Exhaustion and Endurance in Sick Landscapes.”  Department of

Anthropology, Rice University, January 24

2016 Al Jazeera’s “The Stream.” December 14

2016 “Can a Plantation Be Fair?  Fair-Trade Certification in Darjeeling Tea.” Seattle Museum of Art’s Asian Art Museum,
December 3

2016 “Spaces for Labor: Inheritance, Inequality, and Infrastructure on Darjeeling Tea Plantations.”  Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington, December 2

2016 Interviewed in Rhein Neckar Zeitung (Heidelberg, Germany), April 27

2016 Asia Experts Forum (Claremont McKenna College), April 6

2016 CNN Freedom Project, April 7