Armstrong A. Wiggins serves as Director of the Washington, D.C., office of the Indian Law Resource Center. Born in Nicaragua, Wiggins is a Mískito Indian from the village of Karatá, La Moskitia. At the age of eighteen, he became President of his Karatá community, and in 1972 he became a founding member of AIPROMISU, the first Indian regional organization in La Moskitia that works to defend Miskito rights to self-determination, land, territories, environment, natural resources, sustainable development, and their cultural survival. In 1977 Wiggins and other indigenous leaders from the Americas and from around the world traveled to the United Nations headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, to demand that the international community hold countries accountable for taking away their lands, natural resources, and children, and violating their rights of self-government and self-determination. The result of this international effort was the eventual birth of the United Nations Declaration. After the Sandinista Revolution of 1979, Wiggins became the national representative for MISURASATA, a regional Indian organization in Nicaragua. Owing to his human-rights work in La Moskitia and the ways in which his education and influence as an indigenous leader made him a threat to national political interests, Wiggins was arrested and taken as a political prisoner during both the Somoza and Sandinista regimes. Soon after, in 1981, the Nicaraguan political situation forced him into exile. Now in the United States, Wiggins began working for the Indian Law Resource Center and served as Director of its Mexico, Central, and South America Program in its Washington, D.C., office. For the past two decades, Wiggins has been actively involved with numerous human-rights cases involving indigenous peoples of the Americas at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Wiggins played a leading role in the Center’s standards-setting work with the United Nations and the Organization of American States, particularly during the adoption of the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on September 13, 2007, and the adoption of the American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by the OAS on June 15, 2016. Since 2004, Mr. Wiggins has supervised the Center’s international efforts towards standards-setting in international bodies such as the UN, the OAS, and multilateral development banks, as well as the management of legal cases for the protection of the human rights of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.