Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs
Costs of War

Afghanistan before and after 20 years of war (2001-2021)

Examining data before the U.S. war in Afghanistan and after the U.S. withdrawal, this infographic displays indicators of poverty, food insecurity, child malnutrition, women's rights, U.S. spending, and more.


      Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2000, January 1). The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 1999. https://reliefweb.int/report/world/state-food-insecurity-world-1999 .

      Glinski, S. (2019, April 4). As casualties soar, Afghanistan struggles to treat civilians maimed by conflict. The New Humanitarian. https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news-feature/2019/04/04/casualties-soar-afghani

      Hartung, W. (2021, September 13). Profits of War: Corporate Beneficiaries of the Post-9/11 Pentagon Spending Surge. Costs of War, Watson Institute, Brown University. https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/files/cow/imce/papers/2021/Profits%20of%20War_Hartung_Costs%20of%20War_Sept%2013%2C%202021.pdf

      Levitt, E.; Kostermans, K.; Laviolette, L.; Nkosinathi Mbuya, N. (2004). Malnutrition in Afghanistan: Scale, Scope, Causes, and Potential Response. The World Bank. https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/pt/228331468195844943/pdf/578720PUB0Maln11public10BOX353782B0.pdf

      Middleton, S. (2001). Women’s Rights Unveiled: Taliban’s Treatment of Women in Afghanistan. Indiana International & Comparative Law Review. Volume 11. DOI: https://journals.iupui.edu/index.php/iiclr/article/download/17725/17908/

      Siddique, Abubakar. (2022, March 25). Afghan Widows Struggle to Survive Amid Humanitarian Disaster. Gandhara. https://gandhara.rferl.org/a/afghan-widows-struggle-to-survive/31768872.html

      Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction. (2022, July 30) Quarterly Report to the United States Congress. https://www.sigar.mil/pdf/quarterlyreports/2022-07-30qr.pdf

      United Nations. (1999, May 14). Poverty Impairs Access to Food in Pakistan and Afghanistan, United Nations Officials State. https://press.un.org/en/1999/19990514.PI1139.html

      United Nations. (2022, January 11). Afghanistan: UN launches largest single country aid appeal ever. https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/01/1109492

      United Nations Development Programme. (2021, September 9). 97 percent of Afghans could plunge into poverty by mid 2022, says UNDP. https://www.undp.org/press-releases/97-percent-afghans-could-plunge-poverty-mid-2022-says-undp

      United Nations, Division for the Advancement of Women, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (2001, December). Women 2000: Widowhood: invisible women, secluded or excluded. https://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/public/wom_Dec%2001%20single%20pg.pdf

      United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. (2021, October 5). Half of Afghanistan’s children under five expected to suffer from acute malnutrition as hunger takes root for millions. https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/half-afghanistans-children-under-five-expected-suffer-acute-malnutrition-hunger.

      World Food Programme. (2022, May). Afghanistan Food Security Updatehttps://docs.wfp.org/api/documents/WFP-0000140735/download/